Stokes-Adams Attack

Below you will find more information about Stokes-Adams Attack from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Stokes-Adams Attack it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Stokes-Adams Attack and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Stokes-Adams Attack comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Stokes-Adams Attack, named after two Irish physicians, Robert Adams and William Stokes, is a medical condition characterized by a sudden, transient episode of syncope, occasionally featuring seizures.

Diagnosis

Stokes-Adams attacks is diagnosed based on the history of the patient, and the assessment of the fainting attacks. The ECG may help show asystole or ventricular fibrillation during the attacks.

Treatment

The initial treatment for Stokes-Adam attack can be medical, which involves the use of drugs like isoproterenol, and epinephrine. The definitive treatment however, is surgical, involving the insertion of a pacemaker.

Symptoms and Signs

Before an attack, a patient may become pale, his heart rhythm experiences a temporary pause, and unconsciousness or seizure, lasting for approximately thirty seconds, may follow.

Causes

Stokes-Adams attack is caused by loss of cardiac output or blood flow to the brain, due to cardiac heart block, asystole, or ventricular fibrillation.

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