Syphilis

Below you will find more information about Syphilis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Syphilis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Syphilis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Syphilis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Syphilis is a bacterial infection typically transmitted by sexual contact. The disease affects the genitals, skin and mucous membranes, but it may also involve many other parts of the body, including the brain and the heart.

Diagnosis

To diagnose syphilis, the doctor may scrape a small sample of cells from a sore to be analyzed by microscope in a lab.

Treatment

Early diagnosis and treatment with penicillin - or another antibiotic if the patient is allergic to penicillin - can kill the organism that causes syphilis and stop the progression of the disease. Left untreated, the disease can result to serious complications or death.

Symptoms and Signs

Primary symptoms include a small, painless sore (chancre) on the part of the body where the infection was transmitted, usually the genitals, rectum, tongue or lips. A single chancre is typical, but there can be multiple sores. There may also be enlarged lymph nodes found in the groin.

Causes

The bacterial organism that causes syphilis, Treponema pallidum, enters the body through minor cuts or abrasions in the skin or mucous membranes. The most common route of transmission is through contact with another infected person's sore during sexual activity.

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