Tay-Sachs Disease

Below you will find more information about Tay-Sachs Disease from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Tay-Sachs Disease it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Tay-Sachs Disease and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Tay-Sachs Disease comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Tay-Sachs disease (TSD, also known as GM2 gangliosidosis, Hexosaminidase A deficiency or Sphingolipidosis) is a genetic disorder, fatal in its most common variant known as Infantile Tay-Sachs disease.

Diagnosis

Genetic screening for carriers of Tay-Sachs disease is possible due to an inexpensive enzyme assay test is available. It detects lower levels of the enzyme called hexosaminidase A in serum.

Treatment

There is currently no cure or treatment known for TSD. Even with the best care, children with Infantile TSD die by the age of 5, and the progress of Late-Onset TSD can only be slowed down, not reversed.

Symptoms and Signs

All patients with Tay-Sachs disease have a "cherry-red" spot, easily seen by a physician using an ophthalmoscope, in the back of their eyes (the retina). This red spot is the area of the retina which is highlighted because of gangliosides in the surrounding retinal ganglion cells (which are neurons of the central nervous system).

Causes

The disease arises when harmful quantities of a fatty acid derivative called a ganglioside accumulate in the nerve cells of the brain. Gangliosides are lipids, components of cellular membranes, and the ganglioside GM2, implicated in Tay-Sachs disease, is especially frequent in the nervous tissue of the brain

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