Thyroglossal Tract Cyst

Below you will find more information about Thyroglossal Tract Cyst from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Thyroglossal Tract Cyst it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Thyroglossal Tract Cyst and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Thyroglossal Tract Cyst comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.


A thyroglossal cyst is a fibrous cyst that develops from a persistent thyroglossal duct


Diagnosis is typically done clinically.


Treatment for a thyroglossal cyst is surgical resection, usually requiring concomitant removal of the midsection of the hyoid bone. Although generally harmless the cyst will be removed if the patient exhibits difficulty in breathing or swallowing, or if the cyst is infected. Even if these symptoms are not present the cyst may be taking out to eliminate the chance of infection or development of a carcinoma, or for cosmetic reasons if there is unsightly protrusion from the neck.

Symptoms and Signs

Thyroglossal duct cysts usually present with a palpable (able to be felt) asymptomatic midline neck mass below the level of the hyoid bone. The mass on the neck moves from its place during swallowing. The persistent duct or sinus can promote oral secretions, which may lead to the cysts to become infected. Infection can occasionally cause the transient appearance of a mass or enlargement of the cyst, at times with periodic recurrences.


It most often arises before age 20, but may be found in the older population as well.

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