Thyroid Cancer

Below you will find more information about Thyroid Cancer from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Thyroid Cancer it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Thyroid Cancer and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Thyroid Cancer comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Thyroid cancer refers to one of four kinds of malignant tumors of the thyroid gland: papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic.

Diagnosis

After a nodule is detected during a physical examination, a referral to an endocrinologist, or a thyroidologist is the best approach. Most frequently an ultrasound is performed to confirm the presence of a nodule, and assess the status of the whole gland.

Treatment

Thyroid cancer can be treated with the following: surgery, thyroid hormone therapy, radioactive iodine follow-up screening and therapy, external beam radiation, and chemotherapy.

Symptoms and Signs

Most often the initial symptom of thyroid cancer is a nodule in the thyroid region of the neck. Many adults, however, have small nodules in their thyroids. But usually under 5% of these nodules are found to be malignant. Sometimes the initlal sign is an enlarged lymph node. Later symptoms that can be found are pain in the anterior region of the neck and changes in voice.

Causes

When DNA is damaged or altered, changes arise in these instructions. One result is that cells may begin to grow out of control and may form a tumor - a mass of malignant cells.

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