Tick-borne Encephalitis

Below you will find more information about Tick-borne Encephalitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Tick-borne Encephalitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Tick-borne Encephalitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Tick-borne Encephalitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Tick-borne encephalitis, or TBE, is a human viral infectious disease concrened with the central nervous system. The disease most often manifests as meningitis (inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), or meningoencephalitis (inflammation of both the brain and meninges). Although TBE is most commonly recognized as a neurologic disease, mild febrile illnesses can also arise.

Diagnosis

The actual diagnosis of a tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) must be done in the laboratory because of the non-specific clinical features it presents.

Treatment

There is no specific drug therapy for this disease. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids, may be considered under specific instances for symptomatic relief.

Symptoms and Signs

During the first phase of the disease, the most common laboratory anomalies are a low white blood cell count (leukopenia) and a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia). Liver enzymes in the serum may also be mildly heightened. After the onset of neurologic disease during the second phase, a rise in the number of white blood cells in the blood and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is usually found

Causes

TBE is caused by tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), a member of the family Flaviviridae.

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