Transverse Myelitis

Below you will find more information about Transverse Myelitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Transverse Myelitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Transverse Myelitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Transverse Myelitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Caused by an inflammatory process of the grey and white matter of the spinal cord, Transverse myelitis is a neurological disorder that can also cause axonal demyelination.

Diagnosis

In diagnosing transverse myelitis, a general history and physical examination are first performed but these do not give clues of spinal cord injury. Physicians usually suggest MRI or a myelography. This is to rule out a compressive lesion and avoid a surgery that might reverse neurologic injury to the spinal cord.

Treatment

Treatment of the disease is usually symptomatic. Application of corticosteroids achieved limited success.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of the disease include weakness and numbness of the limbs, motor, sensory, and sphincter deficits. Some patients may experience severe backpain at the onset of the disease. Leg weakness of varying degrees of severity is also commonly experienced by almost all patients. In a minority of cases, the arms are also involved, depending on the level of spinal cord involvement. A lot of patients also complain of a tight banding or girdle-like sensation around the trunk, which may also be very sensitive to touch.

Causes

The disease is presumably caused by viral infections or vaccinations and has also been associated with spinal cord injuries, immune reactions, schistosomiasis, and insufficient blood flow to the spinal cord vessels.

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