Tuberculosis-Pulmonary

Below you will find more information about Tuberculosis-Pulmonary from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Tuberculosis-Pulmonary it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Tuberculosis-Pulmonary and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Tuberculosis-Pulmonary comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is very common and attacks the lungs. The disease can also affect the central nervous system, the lympathic system, circulatory system, genitourinary system, bones, joints, and even the skin. About one-third of the world's population has been infected with the disease and new cases are added at a rate of one per second.

Diagnosis

The bacterium that causes TB is slow growing, making it difficult to diagnose to diagnose the disease. Among the tests performed to diagnose the disease are tuberculosis radiology, tuberculin skin test, a serological test, and microbiological smears and cultures.

Treatment

Antibiotics are used to kill the TB-causing bacteria. The most popular and commonly used antibiotics are rifampicin and isoniazid. But since TB requires longer periods of treatment, usually from 6 to 12 months, a combination of several antibiotics is an option. The use of Rifampicin and isoniazid however are not recommended for use to treat laten tuberculosis since there are high rates of reported cases about detah and liver injury associated with the combined use of said drugs.

Symptoms and Signs

TB symptoms include chest pain, coughing up blood, and a productive and prolonged cough for more than 3 weeks. Affected individuals also manifest systemic symptoms such as fever, chills, appetite loss, night sweats, pallor, weight loss, and often a tendency to fatigue very easily.

Causes

The disease is caused mainly by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a type of mycobacteria. There are other mycobacteria that may cause TB but they do not usually infect healthy adults.

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