Tuberculosis

Below you will find more information about Tuberculosis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Tuberculosis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Tuberculosis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Tuberculosis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

TB or Disseminated tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection that has spread from the lungs to other organs of the body through the blood or the lymph system.

Diagnosis

Physical exams usually reveal enlarged lymph nodes, enlarged liver, and enlarged spleen. The diagnostic tests conducted to diagnose the disease are biopsies and cultures of affected organs or tissues, bronchoscopy for biopsy or culture, chest x-ray, open lung biopsy, retinal lesions revealed with fundoscopy, sputum cultures, and tuberculin skin test.

Treatment

Treatment is the disease is aimed at curing the infection with antitubercular drugs. Among those drugs are Amikacin, Ethambutol, Ethionamide, Isoniazid, Para-aminosalicylic acid, Pyrazinamide, Rifampicin, and Streptomycin. The daily oral doses last 6 months to 1 year. For those suffering from atypical or drug-resistant strains, treatment usually starts with a minimum of three drugs. Admitting the patient to the hospital is also an option to prevent spreading the disease to others until the infectious period is over.

Symptoms and Signs

Disseminated tuberculosis symptoms include cough, fatigue, fever, general discomfort or uneasiness, sweating, shortness of breath, and weight loss. Abdominal swelling, chills, joint pain, paleness, and swollen glands may also be manifested.

Causes

The infection may develop after inhaling droplets sprayed into the air through coughing or sneezing of an infected person.

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