Tularemia

Below you will find more information about Tularemia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Tularemia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Tularemia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Tularemia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

An infection common among wild rodents, is also known as "rabbit fever," "deer fly fever," "Ohara fever," and "Francis disease." The bacterium causing the disease has several subspecies with varying degrees of virulence. Ticks and deer flies are the primary vectors of the disease but can also be spread through other arthropods. Its name was derived from Tulare County, California.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing the disease would include several tests such as serology, polymerase chain reaction (PMR) test form an ulcer, blood culture for tularemia and chest x-ray.

Treatment

Treatment of tularemia is aimed at curing the infection using antibiotic. The most commonly used antibiotics are Streptomycin and tetracycline. The use of gentramycin once daily has also been tried with excellent results but only a few cases have been studied.

Symptoms and Signs

People with the disease experience various symptoms namely chills, enlarged lymph nodes, fever, headache, joint stiffness, muscle pains, possible conjunctivitis, red spot on the skin, shortness of breath, sweating, and weight loss. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Other clinical syndromes include ulceroglandular, glandular, oropharyngeal, pneumonic, oculoglandular, and typhoidal.

Causes

Tularemia can be contracted through direct contact with an infected animal or it carcass through a break in the skin, the bite of an infected tick, horsefly, or mosquito, and eating infected meat.

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