Ulcerative Colitis

Below you will find more information about Ulcerative Colitis from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Ulcerative Colitis and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Ulcerative Colitis comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Ulcerative colitis or colitis ulcerosa is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects the large intestine and rectum. A systemic disease affects many parts of the body outside the intestine, it is often confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Diagnosis

A colonoscopy with biopsy, as well as Barium enema is usually performed to diagnose Ulcerative colitis. Doctors may also conduct the following: CBC, sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein.

Treatment

Controlling acute attacks, preventing repeated attacks and helping cure the colon are the goals of treating Ulcerative colitis. For severe attacks, hospitalization may be required and coticosteroids may be prescribed to lessen inflammation. Among the medications used to decrease the frequency of attacks include 5-aminosalicylates such as mesalamine and immunomodulators such as azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine. Infliximab, an intravenous medicine, has also been found to improve symptoms of the disorder.

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms of ulcerative colitis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, abdominal sounds, fever, weight loss, and tenesmus. Other symptoms associated with Ulcerative colitis are nausea and vomiting, joint pain, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Causes

The cause of the disorder remains unknown. However, it is known that it may affect any age group though higher incidence have been found among people ages 15-30.

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