Uremia

Below you will find more information about Uremia from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Uremia it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Uremia and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Uremia comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

A term used to loosely describe the illness accompanying kidney failure, Uremia is also known as prerenal azotemia. Urea and other waste products are usually retained in the blood in kidney failure cases.

Diagnosis

Uremia is usually diagnosed in kidney dialysis patients when the glomerular filtration rate. Other tests may include blood creatinine, BUN, osmolality, and urine tests to check sodium and creatinine levels and to monitor kidney function.

Treatment

Uremia treatment is directed to quickly correct the cause before the kidney becomes damaged. Patients often need to stay in the hospital and may need treatment in an ICU. Hemodialysis or peritoneal dialyses are options. To increase blood volume, intravenous fluids including blood or blood products may be used. Dopamine, dobutamine, and other heart medications may be taken by patients once blood volume is restored.

Symptoms and Signs

Early symptoms include anorexia and lethargy, and late symptoms can include decreased mental acuity and coma. There are quite a number of other symptoms related to the disease namely confusion, decreased or no urine produced, dry mouth, fatigue, pale skin color, rapid pulse, swelling, thirst, excessive urination at night, and abdominal pain.

Causes

Aside from renal failure, there are other factors that cause Uremia. A high protein diet, increased protein breakdown, gastrointestinal bleeding, and drugs can increase the production of uremia in the liver. Decreased blood flow through kidney and urinary outflow obstruction meanwhile can decrease the elimination of urea.

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