Urinary Incontinence

Below you will find more information about Urinary Incontinence from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Urinary Incontinence it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with Urinary Incontinence and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to Urinary Incontinence comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control which is often become embarrassing to the individuals affected by this condition where in an individual cannot control the release of urine from the bladder. Urinary incontinence severity ranges from urine secretion from simply coughing or sneezing to sudden, random episodes of strong urinary emergencies.

Diagnosis

Common tests include bladder diary, urinalysis and blood test while for specialized tests postvoid residual (PVR) measurement, pelvic ultrasound, stress test, urodynamic testing, cystogram and cystoscopy.

Treatment

Behavioural techniques: pelvic floor muscle exercise, bladder training, scheduled toilet trips, diet and fluid management Medications: anticholinergic (antispasdomic) drugs, imipramine, antibiotics Electrical stimulation: used to strengthen pelvic floor muscles Medical devices: urethral inserts, pessary Surgery: artificial urinary sphincter, bulking material injections, sacral nerve stimulator, sling procedure, bladder neck suspension. Absorbent pads and catheters

Symptoms and Signs

Stress incontinence: release of urine due to coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting heavy objects. Urge incontinence: the release of urine cannot be controlled which is sudden and intense. Overflow in continence: the bladder is not properly drained or emptied which lead to overflow. Functional incontinence: physical or mental injury keeps the individual from making it to the toilet in time Gross total incontinence: continuous leaking of urine, day and night.

Causes

Temporary urine incontinence: intake of alcohol, over-hydration, dehydration, caffeine, bladder irritation, medications such as sedatives Medical conditions: urinary tract infection (UTI) and constipation Persistent urinary incontinence: pregnancy and childbirth, aging changes, hysterectomy, painful bladder syndrome, prostatitis, prostate is enlarged, prostate cancer, bladder cancer or bladder stones, neurological disorders and obstruction like a tumor in the urinary tract.

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