West Syndrome

Below you will find more information about West Syndrome from Medigest. If you believe that you are suffering from any of the symptoms of West Syndrome it is important that you obtain an accurate diagnosis from a medical professional to ensure that you obtain the correct medication or treatment for your condition. There are medical conditions that carry similar symptoms associated with West Syndrome and therefore the information provided by Medigest is offered as a guideline only and should never be used in preference to seeking professional medical advice. The information relating to West Syndrome comes from a third party source and Medigest will not be held liable for any inaccuracies relating to the information shown.

Definition

West Syndrome also known as the "Infantile Spasms" is a rare form of epilepsy in infants. The syndrome is related to the age of the person and usually occur in the 3rd and 12th month especially the 5th month of the infant.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis may be made through careful study and observation of the symptoms which varies from one person to another.

Treatment

Treatment is often hard than any other form of epilepsy. However, ACTH are used especially in the United States and Vigabatrin or Sabril are used to treat the syndrome. These drugs however have their side effects which can range from dizziness, fatigue, weight gain to sepsis and congestive heart failure. Ketagonic diet is also advised to treat infantile spasms (Nordli Jr, Douglas R.; Maxine M. Kuroda, Joanne CarrollDagger, Dorcas Y. KoenigsbergerDagger, Lawrence J. Hirsch, Harlan J. Brunerparallel, William T. Seidel, and Darryl C. De Vivo (2002). Experience With the Ketagonic Diet in Infants. Pediatrics 108 (1).

Symptoms and Signs

Symptoms includes epileptic seizures, sudden and severe myoclonic convulsions of the entire body or the flexor mucle convulsions, convulsions on the legs in the throat and neck flexor muscles where the chin is fitfully jerked towards the breast or the head is drawn inward.

Causes

It is said that the syndrome is caused a brain dysfunction which may be prenatal perinatal or that which is caused during birth or even postnatal. Specifically, is linked to the malfunctioning of the neurotransmitter of the brain or the hyper-production of the Corticotropin releasing hormone or the CRH.

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