The human body needs an number of different nutrients to function and fibre is the essential nutrient needed for the normal functioning of the gut.
Fibre can help reduce the risk of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and bowel cancer.
Dietary fibre is the edible parts of plants resistant to digestion and absorption in the small intestine and although most of us still need to consume more fibre, ensuring you have a good intake from a wide variety of food sources is linked to having a better nutritional intake.
Fibre is either completely or partially broken down by bacteria in the large intestine. Fibre includes carbohydrates called polysaccharides and oligosaccharides, plus lignin.
Some of the best food choices for fibre are:
- starchy foods: porridge, oat bran, high fibre breakfast cereals, sweet potato, potato with skin, wholemeal or wholegrain bread and pasta (see our Food Fact sheet on Wholegrains) • beans and pulses such as baked beans, hummus and dahl
- vegetables: peas, parsnip, mixed veg (from frozen), green beans, carrot, canned sweetcorn and broccoli
- fruits: pear, apple, raspberries and blackberries, plums and prunes, banana and orange • seeds such as linseeds and chia seeds
- nuts such as almonds, hazelnuts and peanut butter.
When you read food labels check for the grams of fibre per serving or 100 g. A food product is: ‘high fibre’ if it contains at least 6g of fibre per 100g a ‘source of fibre’ if it contains at least 3g of fibre per 100g.
The benefit of increasing your fibre intake include helping to lower your risk of heart disease, diabetes and colorectal cancer, to treat and prevent constipation and to assist in lowering high cholesterol or high blood pressure.
The above information has been sourced from https://www.bda.uk.com/
If you would like to know more information about diet and nutrition and how the human body deals with and processes certain foods, vitamins and minerals a qualified dietitian or nutritional therapist can help you. The Medigest business directory can help you find a professional dietician in your area.