Glaucoma can be caused by either a weakness in the optic nerve or by raised eye pressure. Although your eye requires a certain amount of pressure to ensure the eyeball is healthy and in the right shape, if the pressure is too high it can cause the optic nerve to become damages at the point where it leaves your eye.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye condition where your optic nerve has been damaged by the pressure of fluid inside your eye. Many types of glaucoma have no symptoms so the only way to know if you have the condition is to have a regular eye test.
Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye conditions that cause permanent sight loss by the damage to the optic nerve.
Types of Glaucoma
- Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG)
- Acute angle closure glaucoma
- Secondary glaucoma
- Congenital glaucoma
The treatment of Glaucoma
All treatments for glaucoma aim to lower the pressure in your eye to prevent damage to the optic nerve. Usually treatment starts with eye drops and for many people they do not ever need any further treatment than this.
In some cases, laser treatment or surgery may be required to help control the pressure in your eye and prevent sight loss.
The treatment needed in each specific and individual case would be discussed in depth with an ophthalmologist (hospital eye doctor).
Who is at risk of getting glaucoma?
Anyone can develop glaucoma however there are certain risk factors that affect the probability of developing the condition and this includes your age, family history, your race, your eyesight prescription, being diabetic and the use of steroids for a long period of time.
The above information has been sourced from the Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) and for more details on glaucoma and other medical conditions that can affect your eyesight, please visit http://www.rnib.org.uk/
If you would like to arrange an eyesight test and would like to find a registered optician close to your local area, the Medigest Business Directory could help you with your search. https://www.medigest.uk/directory/